More about Who’s Who
Who’s Who, published annually since 1849 and the first biographical book of its kind, is among the world‘s most recognised and respected works of reference. It contains over 33,000 short biographies, continually updated, of living noteworthy and influential individuals, from all walks of life, worldwide. Approximately one thousand new entries are added every year.
Each biographee supplies the original information for their entry and is then sent an annual proof for updating. Our editors also monitor the press and other sources of reference for day-to-day changes and additions. The information contained in a Who’s Who entry is essentially autobiographical, its integrity and accuracy ensured by constant independent research.
Who’s Who is a standard reference book in libraries around the world, relied upon by academics, researchers, business people, government officials and charities, as well as the casual browser.
Who’s Who 2016
, published on 7th December 2015, is available to order now
. The online edition is also available here
HISTORY OF WHO'S WHO
The first edition of Who’s Who was published in 1849. Then a compact, 250 page volume (less than one tenth of the size of the 2016 edition), it consisted of an almanac followed by thirty-five lists of ranks and appointments and the names of those holding them. These included the Royal Household, members of the House of Peers and House of Commons, judges, archbishops, and British envoys abroad. The lists gave no individual biographical details, apart from the annotations for Members of Parliament, whose constituency, age and ‘political bias’ were noted.
In 1896 Who’s Who was acquired by A&C Black. Substantial changes were made to the nature and content of the book for the 1897 edition, one of which was the introduction of autobiographical entries which were submitted by some five thousand entrants in response to a questionnaire. A unique feature was the invitation to include Recreations. A pioneer of what would become a fascinating and famous tradition, George Bernard Shaw listed his recreations as ‘cycling and showing off’, while artist and author Harrison Weir claimed that he played ‘no games of any sort at any time’.
Who’s Who expanded significantly in subsequent years and eventually, due to pressure on space, the lists that originally established Who’s Who were omitted; the resulting format, a book consisting solely of autobiographical entries, has been retained ever since. Throughout the 20th century Who’s Who reflected the many changes that occurred in the world; during the Second World War, Winston Churchill personally intervened to ensure its publication was not affected by the paper shortage, regarding its full circulation to be of national importance.
In 1996, the first searchable CD-ROM version of Who's Who was published. Containing over 100,000 entries spanning the 100 years since the appearance of biographies in Who's Who, it has proved invaluable as a research tool and a unique way of measuring social change. In 2005, the research potential expanded further as the entire database became available online, giving subscribers access to the complete text of Who's Who and Who Was Who with a wide range of search facilities.
A fuller history of Who’s Who
was published to coincide with the 150th edition in 1998. Contact the Office of Who’s Who
for more information.
WHO WAS WHO
In 1920 the first volume of Who Was Who was published, providing a wealth of material for researchers without easy access to the earlier individual volumes of Who's Who. This first edition was composed of the entries of those who had died between 1897 and 1915 with the date of death added to each. Subsequent volumes of Who Was Who – there are now twelve – cover the years from 1916 to 2010. Published originally at ten-year intervals, and now every five years, each new edition provides an opportunity for revision and correction where necessary, using many sources of reference. However, as no account is taken of the many changes that may have been made to an entry during a life, serious researchers may, on occasion, wish to consult the individual volumes of Who’s Who to obtain a fuller picture.
Who Was Who has proved invaluable in identifying not only those who shaped the events of their time but others, now forgotten, who were familiar names to the journalists and diarists who recorded the events of the day. An essential tool for researchers is the companion volume, A Cumulated Index to Who Was Who 1897-2000. Until its publication, a name could be found only by knowing, or guessing at, the date of death, so that the appropriate volume of Who Was Who could be consulted. The Index simplifies that search, for it gives not only the volume in which the person is to be found but also the dates of birth and death. In addition it provides cross-references, from pseudonyms to maiden names and married names.
Order a volume of Who Was Who
, or its Cumulated Index here